Titanic Blog


Even though Titanic never traveled to Liverpool She still had many ties to the city in England. Liverpool’s Albion House was built for the Ismay, Imrie and Company, which later became White Star Line. The building was headquarters for White Star Line during 1912, and therefore Titanic was registered in Liverpool.

Many of the tasks necessary to prepare for Titanic’s maiden voyage were conducted in Liverpool at White Star Line’s headquarters. One of these tasks was selecting Titanic’s officers. Charles Bartlett was given the position of White Star Line’s Marine Superintendent in Liverpool in early 1912 and headed this task along with others in preparation for Titanic’s maiden voyage. Along with many officers, other various crewmembers on Titaniccame from Liverpool.


Titanic’s great disaster forever changed the regulations and rules for future construction of vessels. In October 1912 Titanic’s sister ship Olympic was brought back to Harland and Wolff shipyard for improvements to prevent any other accidents like Titanic’s.

Some of the immediate changes made to Olympic included adding more lifeboats due to new regulations set by the government, increasing the height of the forward bulkheads to the shelter deck, and giving the hull another layer of steel for reinforcement. Harland and Wolff made great strides to ensure Olympic was safe and to regain the public’s trust. After all her modifications were complete Olympic ended up being slightly heavier than her sister Titanic had been during her maiden voyage.




A Guarantee Group was a group of nine individuals selected to attend a ship’s maiden voyage, in order to record the performance and any problems that may arise with the ship. The members in the Guarantee Group are deemed the best in their respected fields at that time. This elite group of individuals is never the same and can change with every maiden voyage.

The possibility of being part of the Guarantee Group for Titanic was motivation for workers at Harland and Wolff to work hard and prove their abilities to the company. The members of the Guarantee Group for Titanicincluded: Thomas Andrews, William Henry Campbell, Roderick Robert Crispin Chisholm, Alfred Fleming Cunningham, Anthony Wood Frost, Robert Knight, Francis Parkes, Henry William Marsh Parr, and Ennis Hastings Watson. All nine individuals perished in the sinking.



As news began to spread about Titanic’s sinking everyone was searching for more details about how the Ship went down and the status of the survivors.  While the world was left ignorant about the cause of the disaster, the Marconi Wireless Company was deliberately withholding significant information.

The wireless operator on Carpathia was sent numerous messages, the last signed from T.W. Sammis, chief engineer of Marconi Wireless Company of America. Sammis was giving him direct orders to hold all information regarding Titanic and he would in turn be monetarily compensated. Sammis later admitted he orderedCarpathia to hold information so he could later sell the story to the press.

In the midst of the world dealing with Titanic’s disaster this scandal quickly got pushed aside and overlooked. In fact, Marconi and his company did not receive any type of punishment, and instead their business boomed.Titanic’s sinking caused a large demand for installation and upgrades of Marconi’s equipment to ensure ship safety.




Pier 54 was part of the Chelsea Piers in New York in 1910. Chelsea Piers ran down the West Side of Manhattan from West 12th to 23rd Street. Warren and Wetmore, the same architectural firm that designed Grand Central Terminal, designed Chelsea Piers. White Star Line ships often occupied piers at the north end and Cunard Line ships occupied piers at the south end.

Titanic was originally scheduled to dock at Pier 59 in New York to conclude its maiden voyage. After Titanicsank Carpathia brought Titanic’s lifeboats to Pier 59 and then went to Pier 54 to dock with survivors. Chelsea Piers continued to be a functioning pier until it was torn down in 1991 to make room for the Westway highway.

Chelsea Piers is now Chelsea Piers Sports & Entertainment Complex. It is home to CBS College Sports Network, Food Network, the largest training center for gymnastics, indoor playing fields for lacrosse and soccer, private event rooms, indoor ice rinks, year-round outdoor golf driving range, spas and a brewing company.



The popularity of the hourglass shaped dress faded by the end of the Victorian age and the “S” curve became increasingly popular during the Edwardian Era. This new fashion style embraced a “healthier” corset that was far less constricting than the previous styles during the Victorian age, and provided better support for the spine. Also at the beginning of the Edwardian Era (1901) ladies hats grew in size, but this trend only lasted until around 1911.

As the women’s suffrage movement continued through the Edwardian Era women began to mimic their style and attitude after the famous “Gibson Girl”. The “Gibson Girl” was a pen-and-ink drawing done by Charles Dana Gibson. She portrayed the modern women of the time, beautiful and independent. His drawings quickly became very popular and were displayed in all of the top magazines.

In 1910 fashion began to change once again. More women were working, playing sports and being more active in general and they needed clothing to reflect their new lifestyle. The “S” curve transformed into a pre-flapper style with more straight lines and less structure. This era of fashion is also said to be called “la Belle Epoque” (“The Beautiful Epoch”).


J. Bruce Ismay was chairman and managing director of the White Star Line in 1912. After Titanic’s sinking Ismay quickly became the target of the American press and public. He was deemed a coward for surviving and many blamed him for the sinking of the Ship.

Twenty years prior to Titanic sinking Ismay was working in New York as an agent for White Star Line. During his time in New York Ismay met William Randolph Hearst, an American newspaper mogul. Ismay often refused to cooperate with the press during his time in New York and therefore made an enemy out of Hearst.

When news broke regarding Titanic’s sinking Hearst took it upon himself to create a malicious campaign against Ismay. Hearst’s press was the first to syndicate newspapers during this time giving him the power to influence the countries perception of Ismay. Hearst continued to run cruel articles and campaigns about Ismay until the American public largely accepted his side as “fact”.

Contrary to the harsh criticism Ismay received by the American press, the British press was much less critical of him. When Ismay returned to Liverpool he was greeted with cheers and applause.


This artifact was found folded into quarters inside a leather bag belonging to passenger Edgar Andrew. The hat, called a trilby, is made of wool with a silk inner lining.  The manufacturer's label found on the inside bears  the name "Peter Bennett 58 Commercial Road Bournemouth.” It also has a grosgrain ribbon with a bow that encircles the bottom of the crown.

In Victorian times, men's hats made a symbolic statement. The most notable being the formal tall stiff top hat representing the authority of the bourgeoisie and aristocracy and those who were involved in the professions and trades.  The informal soft trilby hats symbolized democracy and revolution and were generally associated with intellectuals, artists and country life.

Second-class passenger Edgar Andrew was born in Argentina in 1895, the son of English parents.  While studying in England in 1912, he was invited to attend his brother’s wedding in the United States.  Edgar was originally booked to travel to New York on the steamshipOceanic, but because of a coal strike, he was forced to re-book passage on board Titanic.  This change of plan forced him to leave earlier than he would have liked.

He did not survive the sinking.




Anyone visiting London in 1912 was sure to visit Cleopatra’s Needle located on the Embankment of the River Thames. Second-class passenger Edgar Samuel Andrew was no exception. This postcard of Cleopatra’s Needle was found in his suitcase recovered from Titanic’s wreck site.

The granite pillar was one of two made for Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III (c 1479-1425 BC) and were placed flanking the gateway of the Temple of Ra in Heliopolis. Having been moved and re-used over time, the two inscribed monuments finally ended up in Alexandria.

In 1819, the Ottoman Governor of Egypt and Sudan, Muhammad Ali gave the monument to Britain.  It wasn’t until 1877 that a British citizen obtained public support and funding to bring the monument to London. In October of 1877, it was transported in a custom-made cylindrical barge and towed to London. Caught in a storm near the Bay of Biscay, six volunteers attempted to stabilize the barge but died in their attempt and the barge was lost. It was spotted a few days later, bobbing along freely and was towed to shore. It wasn’t until January 1878 that Cleopatra’s Needle arrived in London.  Eight months later, it was finally installed on the Embankment where it has remained for over a hundred years.

Given this incredible story, it is hardly surprising that young Andrew wanted to have a keepsake of this London site.


News regarding the “unsinkable” Ship captured people’s attention everywhere and headlined major newspapers. When news about Titanic first brokethe details about the sinking and the number of survivors drastically varied.  This was partially because information was disseminated from ship to ship via wireless messages.

These newspaper headlines show contradicting information from reports about Titanic following the disaster:

The New York Evening Mail, April 15, 1912 – “Titanic’s Passengers Saved; Liner Being Towed to Halifax”

Belfast Newsletter, April 16, 1912 – “The Titanic Sunk. 1,500 Lives Lost”

The Sunday Times, April 16, 1912 – “Titanic Sunk: Terrible loss of life”


The Evening Sun, April 15, 1912 – “All Titanic Passengers are Safe; Transferred in Lifeboats at Sea”